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1794 - Jay Treaty is passed. It allows peaceful trade between the US and Britian, guarantees free passage for Indigenous people in North America

The Jay Treaty, also known as "Jay's Treaty" was a 1795 treaty between the United States and Great Britain that averted war, and facilitated ten years of peaceful trade between the United States and Britain in the midst of the French Revolutionary Wars (1792).


For Indigenous people, it was significant, because it guaranteed free passage between the


countries. Article III of the Jay Treaty states, "It is agreed, that it shall at all times be free to His Majesty's subjects, and to the citizens of the United States, and also to the Indians dwelling on either side of the said boundary line, freely to pass and repass, by land or inland navigation into the respective territories and countries of the two parties on the continent of America" - The Jay Treaty : Political Background of the Founding Fathers


Relevance today: The United States has codified this obligation in the provisions of Section 289 of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 and as amended in 1965. As a result of the Jay Treaty, "Native Indians born in Canada are therefore entitled to enter the United States for the purpose of employment, study, retirement, investing, and/or immigration". US Embassy 

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