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1995 - Gustafsen Lake standoff between RCMP & a small group of Aboriginal protesters lasts one month.

August 19, 1995

The standoff began on August 18, 1995, and ended on September 17, 1995. It stemmed from a conflict between cattle ranchers who wanted to use the land for grazing, and Indigenous people who felt the land was sacred and wanted to protect it for ceremony. The RCMP  and Canadian Armed forces  worked together, and ended up being the most costly of its kind in Canadian history. The predominantly indigenous occupiers believed that the "grazing rights privilege" ranch land on which they stood was both sacred space and part of a larger tract of unceded Secwepemc / Shuswap territory. - source

Digging Deeper


Mahony, Ben David (2001), "Disinformation and smear" : the use of state propaganda and military force to suppress aboriginal title at the 1995 Gustafsen Lake standoff, p. 198, hdl:10133/189 Masters Thesis. University of Lethbridge. Faculty of Arts and Science.

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