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2000 - Indigenous children are over-represented in foster care, prompting some to label this epidemic as a "Millennium Scoop"

January 2, 2000

"The Millennium Scoop refers to the current status of Status Aboriginal children in care. According to statistics, there are more than double the number of First Nation children in care now, than there were at the highest point of the 60's Scoop. There is no question that Native children dominate the child welfare system, as Native people make up 2% of the total population, however 10 to 20 percent of First Nation Children are in care. The major factor is that First Nation children are still separated from their family, their culture, due to the adoption and child welfare process."

Ojibwe Resources



The Millennium Scoop, refers to the seizure of First Nations, Metis and Inuit children since the year 2000. The term was coined by John Beaucage, who wanted to distinguish this from the "sixties scoop," as the children are being placed in foster care. Both provincial and federal data show that there are double as many Aboriginal children in care now than during the sixties scoop. (Huffington Post)


There are many causes for the over-representation of Indigenous children in care. Reducing the number of aboriginal children in care was a key plank of last year's report by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission on residential schools, which identified the disruptive effect of colonialism, poverty and loss of culture on the makeup of indigenous families. The TRC report recommended steps toward national standards for child-welfare legislation. Many First Nations communities have pressed Ottawa to give them control over their own services. -Globe and Mail


When these children are placed in foster homes, fewer than half are placed in foster homes with one or more Indigenous caregiver. This makes it difficult for these children to access their culture, traditions, and language. Services and policies vary from province to province, and each province and territory has different needs for their particular situation. -Globe and Mail

Dig Deeper:


Apprehending First Nations children: a Canadian tradition - Media Indigena


Story of Jeremy Meawasige, a first nations child with Autism 

           - Ojibwe Resources

           - CBC


Story of a struggle between a mother and CFS, both trying to do the right thing: An Inside look at the Millenium Scoop Winnipeg Free Press


Tamara Malcolm's story: the ongoing story of a First Nations mother in Manitoba, who has been working for ten years to get her children back from Child and Family services. 

          - Twitter

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Dragonfly Kites 

Tomson Highway

Illustrated by Julie Flett

Ages 4-7

Cree and English

Two brothers enjoying childhood, kites and creatures. A story about the power of imagination

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